# Difference between revisions of "New monads/MaybeT"

From HaskellWiki

(Add Reader and Writer instances) |
(fixed so the code compiles.) |
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Line 15: | Line 15: | ||

import Control.Monad.Trans |
import Control.Monad.Trans |
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import Control.Monad.State |
import Control.Monad.State |
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+ | import Control.Monad.Reader |
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+ | import Control.Monad.Writer |
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newtype MaybeT m a = MaybeT {runMaybeT :: m (Maybe a)} |
newtype MaybeT m a = MaybeT {runMaybeT :: m (Maybe a)} |
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Line 37: | Line 39: | ||

-- (Add other MTL instances, and a MonadFix instance) |
-- (Add other MTL instances, and a MonadFix instance) |
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− | instance MonadIO m => MonadIO ( |
+ | instance MonadIO m => MonadIO (MaybeT m) where |

liftIO = lift . liftIO |
liftIO = lift . liftIO |
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## Revision as of 18:35, 25 August 2007

The Maybe monad deserves a transformer, just like the other classic monads.

## The code

```
{-# OPTIONS_GHC -fglasgow-exts -fallow-undecidable-instances #-}
module Control.Monad.Maybe
(MaybeT(runMaybeT),
module Control.Monad,
module Control.Monad.Trans)
where
import Control.Monad
import Control.Monad.Trans
import Control.Monad.State
import Control.Monad.Reader
import Control.Monad.Writer
newtype MaybeT m a = MaybeT {runMaybeT :: m (Maybe a)}
instance Functor m => Functor (MaybeT m) where
fmap f x = MaybeT $ fmap (fmap f) $ runMaybeT x
instance Monad m => Monad (MaybeT m) where
return = MaybeT . return . Just
x >>= f = MaybeT $ runMaybeT x >>= maybe (return Nothing) (runMaybeT . f)
fail _ = MaybeT $ return Nothing
instance Monad m => MonadPlus (MaybeT m) where
mzero = MaybeT $ return Nothing
mplus x y = MaybeT $ liftM2 mplus (runMaybeT x) (runMaybeT y)
-- Provide other MTL instances, for convenience
instance MonadTrans MaybeT where
lift = MaybeT . liftM Just
-- (Add other MTL instances, and a MonadFix instance)
instance MonadIO m => MonadIO (MaybeT m) where
liftIO = lift . liftIO
instance MonadState s m => MonadState s (MaybeT m) where
get = lift get
put = lift . put
instance MonadReader r m => MonadReader r (MaybeT m) where
ask = lift ask
local f = MaybeT . local f . runMaybeT
instance (Monoid w, MonadWriter w m) => MonadWriter w (MaybeT m) where
tell = lift . tell
listen m = MaybeT (do (mv,w) <- listen (runMaybeT m)
case mv of
Nothing -> return Nothing
Just v -> return (Just (v,w)))
pass m = MaybeT (do mvf <- runMaybeT m
case mvf of
Nothing -> return Nothing
Just (v,f) -> pass (return (Just v,f)))
```