# Difference between revisions of "The Other Prelude"

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-- Both notations can be provided to allow for clarity in different situations. |
-- Both notations can be provided to allow for clarity in different situations. |
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class Functor f where |
class Functor f where |
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− | map :: (a -> b) -> f a -> f b |
+ | map, (.) :: (a -> b) -> f a -> f b |

− | (.) :: (a -> b) -> f a -> f b |
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map = (.) |
map = (.) |
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(.) = map |
(.) = map |

## Revision as of 09:36, 28 December 2006

## Call for contribution

This fun project, called "The Other Prelude", and is a creative reconstruction of the standard Prelude. By disregarding history and compatibility, we get a clean sheet.

## Naming conventions

The principal is to make the names very readable for both beginners and category theorists (if any).

## Guidelines

- The prelude should not contain any "projection" functions (like
`fst`

and`snd`

. They go to the Extension module.

## Issues

- Should alphanumeric names be preferred over symbols when defining a class?
- Why do many functions in Prelude use
`Int`

instead of`Integer`

? IMO,`Integer`

should be THE preferred datatype for everything (examples: length, splitAt, replicate, drop, take, ...)!

## The hierarchy

`TheOtherPrelude`

- Minimalistic module.`TheOtherPrelude.Extension`

- Convenient definitions.

## The code

Currently, the code is in Wiki form. If people do agree that the collaborative decisions begot something pretty, we'll have a group of files in darcs.haskell.org some time.

The imaginery Prelude as it stands,

```
import Prelude () -- hide everything
-- the idea is to remove 'fmap'
-- and map :: (a -> b) -> [a] -> [b] to be a special case
-- as well as having (.) :: (a -> b) -> (e -> a) -> (e -> b) as a
-- special case from the Functor instance for ((->) e)
-- Both notations can be provided to allow for clarity in different situations.
class Functor f where
map, (.) :: (a -> b) -> f a -> f b
map = (.)
(.) = map
-- the following has been shamelessly copied
-- from the functor hierarchy proposal wiki page
class Functor f => Applicative f where
return :: a -> f a
(<*>) :: f (a -> b) -> f a -> f b -- or should this be named 'ap'?
-- or something even better?
-- could this nice looking function
-- refactor the liftM* idioms?
(>>) :: f a -> f b -> f b
fa >> fb = (map (const id) fa) <*> fb
-- this leaves little left for the actual Monad class
class (Applicative m) => Monad m where
(>>=) :: m a -> (a -> m b) -> m b
join :: m (m a) -> m a
x >>= f = join (map f x)
join x = x >>= id
-- end of Functor hierarchy dilemma
-- zero will be used when pattern matching against refutable patterns in
-- do-notation as well as to provide support for monad comprehensions.
class (Monad m) => MonadZero m where
zero :: m a
class (MonadZero m) => MonadPlus m where
(++) :: m a -> m a -> m a
class (MonadZero m) => MonadOr m where
orElse :: m a -> m a -> m a
```

How to use it, as it stands,

```
import Prelude () -- hide everything
import TheOtherPrelude -- get everything
import qualified TheOtherPrelude.Monad.Kleisli as M -- standard convention
```

## See also

- Mathematical prelude discussion - A numeric Prelude. Could this be merged into this one?
- Prelude extensions and Prelude function suggestions - Unlike "The Other Prelude" they
*enhance*the Prelude. - Functor hierarchy proposal - making "Monad m" imply "Functor m"
- If-then-else - making "if" a function
- MissingH - functions "missing" from the haskell Prelude/libraries