The Other Prelude

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Revision as of 07:37, 20 January 2007 by Nmessenger (talk | contribs) (Imported Prelude(id, const), now it compiles.)
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Call For Contribution

This fun project, called The Other Prelude, is a creative reconstruction of the standard Prelude. By disregarding history and compatibility, we get a clean sheet.

Committee

This project has no committee whatsoever. Issues are discussed on the talk page.

Naming Conventions

  • Function names should be easy for beginners to consume.
  • Specifically, The Other Prelude naming convention is to use
    • descriptive symbols for functions that are naturally infix (e.g., mplus is replaced by (++))
    • whole English words and camelCase for functions (e.g., orElse but not fmap)

The Hierarchy

Although, not Haskell 98, hierarchical modules will definitely be in Haskell'. We take it for granted.

  • TheOtherPrelude - Minimalistic module.
  • TheOtherPrelude.Utilities - Convenient definitions. The reasoning behind its existence is that we want the Prelude to be very concise. It should not steal good names.

Open Issues

  • Should Functor imply Monad or the other way around?
  • When the same function has an infix and a prefix implementation, should one of them be outside the class to enforce consistency?
  • Should Prelude functions use Integer instead of Int?
  • Should String be a class rather than a type synonym?
  • The current proposal lacks a well thought fail mechanism. Should it be integrated into MonadZero, or have a class of his own, or remain in the Monad class?

Reality

What we have here right now is not ready to be adopted by existing projects. May be the class system extension proposal can make a difference.

The Code

Currently, the code is in Wiki form. If people do agree that the collaborative decisions begot something pretty, we'll have a group of files in darcs.haskell.org some time.

The imaginary Prelude as it stands,

TheOtherPrelude.hs

module TheOtherPrelude where

import Prelude (id, const) -- hide everything

  -- The idea is to rename 'fmap'.
  -- Both map :: (a -> b) -> [a] -> [b]           (in []) 
  -- and  (.) :: (a -> b) -> (e -> a) -> (e -> b) (in (->) e)
  -- are good names, and are intuitively prefix and infix respectively.
class Functor f where
  map :: (a -> b) -> f a -> f b

(.) :: (Functor f) => (a -> b) -> f a -> f b
(.) = map -- defined outside the class as an infix synonym for map.

-- The following has been shamelessly copied from the
-- Functor hierarchy proposal page (see links below).
class (Functor p) => Applicative p where
  -- Minimal complete definition: return and (<*>).
  return :: a -> p a                 -- value lifting
  (<*>)  :: p (a -> b) -> p a -> p b -- lifted application
  (>>)   :: p a -> p b -> p b        -- when the second is independent of the first

  -- Default definition:
  f >> g = (map (const id) f) <*> g

apply :: (Applicative p) => p (a -> b) -> p a -> p b
apply = (<*>) -- defined outside the class as a prefix synonym for (<*>).

class (Applicative m) => Monad m where
  -- Minimal complete definition: one of join or (>>=).
  (>>=) :: m a -> (a -> m b) -> m b -- bind
  join  :: m (m a) -> m a           -- combining levels of structure

  -- Default definitions:
  x >>= f = join (map f x)
  join x = x >>= id

-- We shamelessly copy from the MonadPlus reform proposal (link below) now.
-- 'zero' will be used when pattern matching against refutable patterns in
-- do-notation as well as to provide support for monad comprehensions.
-- Should satisfy 'left zero': zero >>= f = zero
class (Monad mz) => MonadZero mz where
  zero :: mz a

-- Should satisfy 'monoid':
--   zero ++ b = b;  b ++ zero = b;  (a ++ b) ++ c = a ++ (b ++ c)
-- and 'left distribution':
--   (a ++ b) >>= f = (a >>= f) ++ (b >>= f)
class (MonadZero mp) => MonadPlus mp where
  (++) :: mp a -> mp a -> mp a

-- Should satisfy 'monoid':
--   zero `orElse` b = b;  b `orElse` zero = b
--   (a `orElse` b) `orElse` c = a `orElse` (b `orElse` c)
-- and 'left catch':
--   (return a) `orElse` b = a
class (MonadZero mo) => MonadOr mo where
  orElse :: mo a -> mo a -> mo a

TheOtherPrelude/Utilities.hs

module TheOtherPrelude.Utilities where
import Prelude () -- hide everything

-- this is the if-then-else proposal
-- the name has been chosen to reflect the magic of Church booleans!
boolean True  x _ = x
boolean False _ y = y

How To Use

-- ''The Other Prelude'' is an alternative, not a replacement.
-- So we need to hide everything from the Prelude
import Prelude ()

-- This is just an example assuming there is nothing to hide
import TheOtherPrelude

-- Hopefully, this module will contain lift,...
-- Standard convention is to use M.lift (instead of liftM)
import qualified TheOtherPrelude.Monad.Kleisli as M

See also