99 questions/Solutions/10

From HaskellWiki
< 99 questions‎ | Solutions
Revision as of 14:50, 16 August 2010 by Giu (talk | contribs)

Jump to: navigation, search

(*) Run-length encoding of a list.

Use the result of problem P09 to implement the so-called run-length encoding data compression method. Consecutive duplicates of elements are encoded as lists (N E) where N is the number of duplicates of the element E.

encode xs = map (\x -> (length x,head x)) (group xs)

which can also be expressed as a list comprehension:

[(length x, head x) | x <- group xs]

Or writing it Pointfree (Note that the type signature is essential here to avoid hitting the Monomorphism Restriction):

encode :: Eq a => [a] -> [(Int, a)]
encode = map (\x -> (length x, head x)) . group

Or (ab)using the "&&&" arrow operator for tuples:

encode :: Eq a => [a] -> [(Int, a)]
encode xs = map (length &&& head) $ group xs

Or with the help of foldr (pack is the resulting function from P09):

encode xs = (enc . pack) xs
	where enc = foldr (\x acc -> (length x, head x) : acc) []