# 99 questions/Solutions/18

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< 99 questions | Solutions(Difference between revisions)

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− | Another way using <hask>splitAt</hask>, though not nearly as elegant as the <hask>take</hask> and <hask>drop</hask> version: | + | Another way using <hask>splitAt</hask>, though not nearly as elegant as the <hask>take</hask> and <hask>drop</hask> version: |

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− | A solution using <hask>zip</hask>, <hask>filter</hask> then <hask>map</hask> seems straight-forward to me | + | A solution using <hask>zip</hask>, <hask>filter</hask> then <hask>map</hask> seems straight-forward to me (''NB: this won't work for infinite lists''): |

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## Revision as of 06:14, 1 June 2011

(**) Extract a slice from a list.

Given two indices, i and k, the slice is the list containing the elements between the i'th and k'th element of the original list (both limits included). Start counting the elements with 1.

slice xs i k | i>0 = take (k-i+1) $ drop (i-1) xs

The same solution as above, but the more paranoid (maybe too paranoid?) version of it (uses guards and Maybe):

slice :: [a] -> Int -> Int -> Maybe [a] slice [] _ _ = Just [] slice xs k n | k == n = Just [] | k > n || k > length xs || n > length xs || k < 0 || n < 0 = Nothing | k == 0 = Just (take n xs) | otherwise = Just (drop (k-1) $ take n xs)

Or, an iterative solution:

slice :: [a]->Int->Int->[a] slice lst 1 m = slice' lst m [] where slice' :: [a]->Int->[a]->[a] slice' _ 0 acc = reverse acc slice' (x:xs) n acc = slice' xs (n - 1) (x:acc) slice (x:xs) n m = slice xs (n - 1) (m - 1)

Or:

slice :: [a] -> Int -> Int -> [a] slice (x:xs) i k | i > 1 = slice xs (i - 1) (k - 1) | k < 1 = [] | otherwise = x:slice xs (i - 1) (k - 1)

splitAt

take

drop

slice :: [a] -> Int -> Int -> [a] slice xs i k = chunk where chop = snd $ splitAt i' xs -- Get the piece starting at i chunk = fst $ splitAt (k - i') chop -- Remove the part after k i' = i - 1

splitAt

slice xs (i+1) k = snd (split (fst (split xs k)) i)

zip

filter

map

*NB: this won't work for infinite lists*):

slice xs i j = map snd $ filter (\(x,_) -> x >= i && x <= j) $ zip [1..] xs