# 99 questions/Solutions/81

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| otherwise = (paths1 x b g (current++[a])) ++ (paths2 a b g current xs) | | otherwise = (paths1 x b g (current++[a])) ++ (paths2 a b g current xs) | ||

</haskell> | </haskell> | ||

− | + | ||

− | + | ||

− | + | ||

This solution uses a representation of a (directed) graph as a list of arcs (a,b). | This solution uses a representation of a (directed) graph as a list of arcs (a,b). | ||

+ | |||

+ | ---- | ||

+ | |||

+ | Here is another implementation using List's monadic behavior | ||

+ | |||

+ | <haskell> | ||

+ | import Data.List (partition) | ||

+ | |||

+ | pathsImpl :: Eq a => [a] -> a -> a -> [(a, a)] -> [[a]] | ||

+ | pathsImpl trail src dest clauses | ||

+ | | src == dest = [src:trail] | ||

+ | | otherwise = do | ||

+ | let (nexts, rest) = partition ((==src) . fst) clauses | ||

+ | next <- nexts | ||

+ | pathsImpl (src:trail) (snd next) dest rest | ||

+ | |||

+ | paths :: Eq a => a -> a -> [(a, a)] -> [[a]] | ||

+ | paths src dest clauses = map reverse (pathsImpl [] src dest clauses) | ||

+ | </haskell> | ||

+ | |||

+ | ---- | ||

+ | |||

+ | Here is another recursive implementation | ||

+ | <haskell> | ||

+ | paths :: Eq a =>a -> a -> [(a,a)] -> [[a]] | ||

+ | paths source sink edges | ||

+ | | source == sink = [[sink]] | ||

+ | | otherwise = [ | ||

+ | [source] ++ path | edge<-edges, (fst edge) == source, | ||

+ | path<-(paths (snd edge) sink [e|e<-edges, e/=edge]) | ||

+ | ]; | ||

+ | </haskell> |

## Revision as of 17:10, 4 January 2012

(**) Path from one node to another one

Write a function that, given two nodes a and b in a graph, returns all the acyclic paths from a to b.

import List (elem) paths :: Eq a => a -> a -> [(a,a)] -> [[a]] paths a b g = paths1 a b g [] paths1 :: Eq a => a -> a -> [(a,a)] -> [a] -> [[a]] paths1 a b g current = paths2 a b g current [ y | (x,y) <- g, x == a ] paths2 :: Eq a => a -> a -> [(a,a)] -> [a] -> [a] -> [[a]] paths2 a b g current [] | a == b = [current++[b]] | otherwise = [] paths2 a b g current (x:xs) | a == b = [current++[b]] | elem a current = [] | otherwise = (paths1 x b g (current++[a])) ++ (paths2 a b g current xs)

This solution uses a representation of a (directed) graph as a list of arcs (a,b).

Here is another implementation using List's monadic behavior

import Data.List (partition) pathsImpl :: Eq a => [a] -> a -> a -> [(a, a)] -> [[a]] pathsImpl trail src dest clauses | src == dest = [src:trail] | otherwise = do let (nexts, rest) = partition ((==src) . fst) clauses next <- nexts pathsImpl (src:trail) (snd next) dest rest paths :: Eq a => a -> a -> [(a, a)] -> [[a]] paths src dest clauses = map reverse (pathsImpl [] src dest clauses)

Here is another recursive implementation

paths :: Eq a =>a -> a -> [(a,a)] -> [[a]] paths source sink edges | source == sink = [[sink]] | otherwise = [ [source] ++ path | edge<-edges, (fst edge) == source, path<-(paths (snd edge) sink [e|e<-edges, e/=edge]) ];