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(insert elements conditionally)
(see also as section)
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Revision as of 17:10, 4 November 2008We are used to the list notation
. However it is syntactic sugar for
By using the syntactic sugar, we often miss the benefits of the direct notation.
- A trailing colon is like a terminator.
0 : 1 : 2 : 3 : 
- Thus it is more theoretically sound and easier to edit.
- You can easily mix elements and lists into a list by appending the corresponding operator in each line:
[1,2,3] ++ 4 : listA ++ 5 : listB ++ 
- You can insert elements or sub-lists conditionally.
infixr 5 ?:, ?++ (?:) :: (Bool, a) -> [a] -> [a] (?:) (b, x) = if b then (x:) else id (?++) :: (Bool, [a]) -> [a] -> [a] (?++) (b, x) = if b then (x++) else id list = [2,3] ++ (x==5, 5) ?: (x==7, listA) ?++ 
- You can construct a singleton list with a section of the colon operator: .
(:) :: a -> [a]
- You can prepend an element to a list: . E.g.
(x:) :: [a] -> [a]creates a list of blank strings with increasing size very efficiently.
iterate (' ':)