Use an explicit export list
(note: this only applies to compilers based on separate compilation, not to those based on whole-program compilation like JHC).
If you do not have an explicit export list in a module, the compiler must assume that everything in that module will be exported. This disables various useful optimisations:
- If a function is used only once in the current module, and not exported, there is no penalty for inlining the function at its single use point.
- If a function is not used at all, and not exported, its definition can be discarded.
- The compiler has more flexibility regarding calling conventions and the like for functions that are not visible beyond the current compilation unit.