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Revision as of 16:35, 5 September 2011 by WillNess (talk | contribs) (if you're put off by self-referentiality)

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I'm interested in Haskell.

I like this:

--   inifinte folding idea due to Richard Bird
--   double staged production idea due to Melissa O'Neill
--   tree folding idea Dave Bayer / simplified formulation Will Ness
primes = 2 : g (fix g) 
    g xs = 3 : gaps 5 (foldi (\(c:cs) -> (c:) . union cs) 
                             [[x*x, x*x+2*x..] | x <- xs])
    gaps k s@(c:t)                                        
       | k < c = k : gaps (k+2) s     -- minus [k,k+2..] (c:t), k<=c
       | True  =     gaps (k+2) t     --   fused to avoid a space leak

fix g = xs where xs = g xs            -- global defn to avoid space leak

foldi is on Tree-like folds page. union and more at Prime numbers.

The math formula for Sieve of Eratosthenes,

\textstyle\mathbb{S} = \mathbb{N}_{2} \setminus \bigcup_{p\in \mathbb{S}} \{n p:n \in \mathbb{N}_{p}\}


\textstyle\mathbb{N}_{k} = \{ n \in \mathbb{N} : n \geq k \}   . . . or,  \textstyle\mathbb{N}_{k} = \{k\} \bigcup \mathbb{N}_{k+1}   :) :) .

Trial division sieve:

\textstyle\mathbb{T} = \{n \in \mathbb{N}_{2}: (\not\exists p \in \mathbb{T}) (p\leq \sqrt{n} \and p\mid n)\}

If you're put off by self-referentiality, just replace \mathbb{S} or \mathbb{T} on the right-hand side of equations with \mathbb{N}_{2}.