Future of Haskell
Haskell' is the next official version
The Haskell 2010 report was published in July 2010, and is the current definition of the Haskell language. Compilers will also continue to support the previous version of Haskell, Haskell 98 (via a special flag).
A new standard will be defined each year. All information about this is on
The language evolves and numerous extensions have been proposed and many of them have been implemented in some Haskell systems; for example pattern guards (which is adopted in the Haskell 2010 standard), scoped type variables, multi-parameter type classes, local universal and existential quantification. The Haskell mailing lists are a forum for discussing new language features. People proposing an additional language feature should implement the new feature or convince the developers of one of the Haskell systems to do so. Then many people can test the practical usefulness of the extension. Finally, the people seriously interested in the new feature should define the new feature with respect to the current Haskell standard in a document (a new mailing list can be set up for this purpose). This kind of addendum to the Haskell report clarifies the details and can be used for adding the feature to other Haskell systems. The definition of the foreign function interface (FFI) for Haskell is a good example for this process.
On a rather longer time schedule, a committee led by John Launchbury may develop Haskell II. Obviously well-tested and well-described extension proposals will have a higher chance of being adopted.
Extensions of Haskell
- GHC Proposals
- As of 2020, the ghc-proposals project on GitHub is containing RFCs, discussion on the GitHub issues, and a pull request based model, with each merged proposal getting a number.
- Collects all kinds of extensions proposed for the language, libraries and specific implementations. Note that the above page is automatically generated, so to add a new proposal you can instead type the title for your page into the address bar of your browser using underscores instead of spaces, then the wiki generates a new page (assuming there is not already a page with the same title) that you can edit. If you put
[[Category:Proposals]]at the top of your page, it will be automatically linked to by the Proposals page above. (Sometimes the convention of ending the title of a proposal with the word proposal is followed, so that people browsing the wiki can clearly see that the page describes something different that is not yet part of the current Haskell language.)
- The libraries mailing list
- Discusses, amongst others, extensions to libraries.
- HaskellTwo on the old wiki (in the web archive)
- This old hawiki page contains all kinds of extensions proposed for the language, libraries and specific implementations, before the new wiki came online.
Below we present some of the various extensions that have been implemented or proposed. See also the Haskell mailing lists.
- Views allow multiple `logical' constructors to match against real constructors in patterns.
- Pattern Guards by Simon Peyton-Jones is a proposal to generalize guards used in function definitions. See the proposal for further details. Implemented in GHC, proposed for Haskell 2.
- Basic algebra proposal. In particular: Reformulating numeric classes, instance ruled type and domain conversion.
- Haskell Proposal: Syntactic Sugar for Arrows
- Mark Shields and Simon Peyton Jones: First-class Modules for Haskell discusses a lot of extension proposals integrated in a coherent design. See also First-class module page.
- Extensible record page: problems where extensible records are useful, proposals, implementations etc.
- An Accessible layout proposal which would allow you to make more use of the layout rule to eliminate many commas and parentheses (particularly interesting if you don't like manually deleting then re-inserting that comma that always ends up in the wrong place when you are re-ordering a list of things by cut and paste).
- A Class system extension proposal page, to collect ideas for making the class system more powerful, some of which have been implemented in other languages similar to Haskell.
Variations of Haskell
- Chameleon is a Haskell-style language which provides a flexible overloading mechanism based on Constraint Handling Rules (CHRs). The user can impose conditions on overloaded identifiers via CHRs.
Gofer is a small interpreter by Mark Jones supporting a language based on the Haskell report version 1.2.
Gofer is intended as an experimental language, particularly where type classes
are involved. Although Haskell has adopted a number of ideas from Gofer, the Gofer type class system is still more flexible than the Haskell one.
Available for all Unix platforms including Linux, DOS, and Macs.
Hugs was the successor to Gofer and Gofer is no longer supported.
Html-version of the Gofer manual
- Hugs, also known as Hugs 98, is an interpreter which support most of Haskell 98. It was initially developed by Mark Jones and then others. It is no longer under development. See also Hugs.
- GPH, Glasgow Parallel Haskell
- is an extension of Haskell for parallel programming. It adds just two new primitives to the language, namely, a form of parallel composition par, and sequential composition seq. With judicious use of par and seq it is possible to express how a program should be evaluated in parallel.
- pH - a parallel Haskell
- The pH language is is a parallel, eagerly-evaluated variant of Haskell with syntactic provisions for loops, barriers, and I- and M- structure storage. The eager evaluation model of pH is similar to that of Id; the current version of the pH compiler shares a back end with the Id compiler, producing code for the Monsoon dataflow machine. The front end of the pH compiler is a modification of hbc.
- A Haskell extension for parallel and distributed programming. Browse Manuel M T Chakravarty's page for newer work on parallel extensions to GHC.
- PolyP - a polytypic programming language
- PolyP extends a functional language (a subset of Haskell) with a construct for writing polytypic functions. A polytypic function is a function that is defined by induction on the structure of user-defined datatypes.
- O'Haskell is an object-oriented extension to Haskell developed at Chalmers. O'Haskell conservatively adds two major features to the Haskell core: a monad of concurrent, state-encapsulating reactive objects, and a type system with subtyping between records as well as datatypes. An implementation is available, O'Hugs, which is a derivative of Hugs 1.3b.
- Eden is a parallel functional language that provides a new perspective on parallel programming. It gives programmers enough control to implement their parallel algorithms efficiently (including granularity issues) and at the same time frees them from the low level details of process management. Eden is explicit about processes and their incoming and outgoing data, but abstracts from the transfer of these data between processes and the necessary synchronisation. Eden extends the Haskell but overrules lazy evaluation whenever it is necessary to support parallelism.
- Curry combines in a seamless way features from functional programming (nested expressions, higher-order functions, lazy evaluation), logic programming (logical variables, partial data structures, built-in search), and concurrent programming (concurrent evaluation of expressions with synchronization on logical variables). Many Haskell programs are also valid Curry programs.
- Data Field Haskell
- Data Field Haskell implements an instance of Data Fields, a generalization of arrays. The purpose is to support generic array- and data parallel programming on a very high level, for rapid prototyping of parallel algorithms. The most important language extension to Haskell is the forall-construct, which allows convenient definitions of data fields.
- Template Haskell
- Template Haskell is an extension to Haskell 98 that allows you to do type-safe compile-time meta-programming, with Haskell both as the manipulating language and the language being manipulated.
- Disciple is a dialect of Haskell that uses strict evaluation as the default and supports destructive update of arbitrary data structures. Disciple includes region, effect and closure typing, and this extra information provides a handle on the operational behaviour of code that isn't available in other languages. Programs can be written in either a pure/functional or effecful/imperative style, and one of our goals is to provide both styles coherently in the same language.
- HasFuse: Haskell with FUNDIO-based side effects
- An experimental Haskell dialect modified for easier use of I/O-centric code outside monadic contexts.