(**) Gray codes.
An n-bit Gray code is a sequence of n-bit strings constructed according to certain rules. Find out the construction rules and write a predicate with the following specification:
% gray(N,C) :- C is the N-bit Gray code
gray :: Int -> [String] gray 0 = [""] gray n = let xs = gray (n-1) in map ('0':) xs ++ map ('1':) (reverse xs)
A similar solution using list comprehension to build the sub-lists:
gray :: Int -> [String] gray 0 = [""] gray n = [ '0' : x | x <- prev ] ++ [ '1' : x | x <- reverse prev ] where prev = gray (n-1)
The Gray code can be recursively defined in the way that for determining the gray code of n we take the Gray code of n-1, prepend a 0 to each word, take the Gray code for n-1 again, reverse it and prepend a 1 to each word. At last we have to append these two lists. For more see the Wikipedia article.