# 99 questions/Solutions/7

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Revision as of 05:13, 29 March 2011 by Ghoughpteighbteau (Talk | contribs)

(**) Flatten a nested list structure.

data NestedList a = Elem a | List [NestedList a] flatten :: NestedList a -> [a] flatten (Elem x) = [x] flatten (List x) = concatMap flatten x

or without concatMap

flatten :: NestedList a -> [a] flatten (Elem a ) = [a] flatten (List (x:xs)) = flatten x ++ flatten (List xs) flatten (List []) = []

flatten2 :: NestedList a -> [a] flatten2 a = flt' a [] where flt' (Elem x) xs = x:xs flt' (List (x:ls)) xs = flt' x (flt' (List ls) xs) flt' (List []) xs = xs

We have to define a new data type, because lists in Haskell are homogeneous. [1, [2, [3, 4], 5]] is a type error. Therefore, we must have a way of representing a list that may (or may not) be nested.

Our NestedList datatype is either a single element of some type (Elem a), or a list of NestedLists of the same type. (List [NestedList a]).