Difference between revisions of "99 questions/Solutions/8"

(**) Eliminate consecutive duplicates of list elements.

compress :: Eq a => [a] -> [a]
compress = map head . group

We simply group equal values together (using Data.List.group), then take the head of each.

An alternative solution is

compress (x:ys@(y:_))
| x == y    = compress ys
| otherwise = x : compress ys
compress ys = ys

A variation of the above using foldr (note that GHC erases the Maybes, producing efficient code):

compress xs = foldr f (const []) xs Nothing
where
f x r a@(Just q) | x == q = r a
f x r _ = x : r (Just x)

Another possibility using foldr (this one is not so efficient, because it pushes the whole input onto the "stack" before doing anything else):

compress :: (Eq a) => [a] -> [a]
compress = foldr skipDups []
where skipDups x [] = [x]
skipDups x acc
| x == head acc = acc
| otherwise = x : acc

A very simple approach:

compress []     = []
compress (x:xs) = x : (compress \$ dropWhile (== x) xs)

Another approach, using foldr

compress :: Eq a => [a] -> [a]
compress x = foldr (\a b -> if a == (head b) then b else a:b) [last x] x

Wrong solution using foldr

compress :: Eq a => [a] -> [a]
compress xs = foldr (\x acc -> if x `elem` acc then acc else x:acc) [] xs
-- Main> compress [1, 1, 1, 2, 2, 1, 1]
-- [2,1] - must be [1,2,1]

and using foldl

compress :: (Eq a) => [a] -> [a]
compress x = foldl (\a b -> if (last a) == b then a else a ++ [b]) [head x] x
compress' x = reverse \$ foldl (\a b -> if (head a) == b then a else b:a) [head x] x

A crazy variation that acts as a good transformer for fold/build fusion

{-# INLINE compress #-}
compress :: Eq a => [a] -> [a]
compress xs = build (\c n ->
let
f x r a@(Just q) | x == q = r a
f x r _ = x `c` r (Just x)
in
foldr f (const n) xs Nothing)