Context aliases, also known as class aliases, are a long-requested feature of Haskell. This feature would allow class hierarchies to be restructured without breaking compatibility to a certain degree. Also, it would make fine-grained class hierarchies usable.
The original class alias proposal
The original proposal can be found on a page on John Meachem’s website.
“Context alias” instead of “class alias”
A “class alias” actually doesn’t stand for a class but for a context (or a part of a context). So it might be better to choose a slightly different syntax:
context Foobar a = (Foo a, Bar a)
John Meacham proposes the following syntax for class aliases (context aliases) with superclass constraints:
class alias Num a = Eq a => (Additive a, Multiplicative a)
This is not consistent with the superclass syntax of class declarations. I think, we should use this syntax:
class alias Eq a => Num a = (Additive a, Multiplicative a)
context Eq a => Num a = (Additive a, Multiplicative a)
Things to have in mind
In order to get the context alias extension well, we should have an eye on problems we might want to solve with the help of context aliases. Here are some:
MonadPlusshould just be a combination of
Alternative fshould just be a combination of
forall a. Monoid (f a))
Applicativeshould be a superclass of
Starting an implementation of context aliases is planned for the 5th Haskell Hackathon.