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Revision as of 22:02, 4 October 2012
There are many Emacs packages and modules for Haskell. The most prominent ones are haskell-mode, ghc-mod and Scion.
1 Newbie guide
Emacs is an extensible texteditor which can be extended with so-called "modes" and makes great use of keystrokes. Modes are written in Emacs Lisp (.el) programming language and provide additional commands and keystrokes. A mode is usually activated automatically via "hooks" based on file extensions (.hs, .cabal etc.) but can also be loaded during Emacs startup (~/.emacs) or in Emacs itself (enter: M-x haskell-mode). Non of the mode listed below provides a complete out-of-the-box IDE but rather adds only a set of specific functionality whereas each mode must be installed separately. Lookup the specific help files to find out what each of them provide. To test if haskell-mode is actually installed type: M-x haskell-<tab>. You should get a list of commands. Entering "haskell-mode" provides additional commands. Try "haskell-version" for example.
haskell-mode package is a set of major modes for Emacs for writing Haskell code and working with Haskell projects. Features syntax highlighting, intelligent indentation, interaction with inferior Haskell interpreter, code browsing, and Cabal project integration. It support Hugs, GHCi, Cabal and hslint, hoogle, cabal-dev, and other utilities.
Haskell-mode is maintained by Philip Weaver. The official project is hosted on Github. For instructions on installing, see Installing haskell-mode. Issues should be reported to the Github project. Please state the version of Emacs and any relevant configuration, when writing your issue. There is a low traffic mailing list, too. Generally it is responsive to new posts.
The Scion IDE library can be used to complement the haskell-mode with additional features, such as (quoting the documentation):
- Highlights error messages directly in the source, together with a tool-tip
- Optional on-the-fly typechecking (idle-time based, or whenever file is saved)
- Completion on `LANGUAGE` names, pragmas, external module names and `OPTIONS`-flags
- Go to definition sites of symbols at point
Documentation on how to use `scion.el` can be found in the `README.markdown` file.
"ghc-mod" is a backend command to enrich Haskell programming on editors including Emacs and Vim. The ghc-mod package on Hackage includes the "ghc-mod" command and Emacs front-end. Its source repository is on github.
Emacs front-end is an extension of Haskell mode. They enable to complete Haskell symbols on Emacs and to browse documents of modules. Flymake with GHC/Hlint is also integrated.
See the home page for more information.
5 Hugs mode
Alternative Hugs Mode for Emacs by Chris Van Humbeeck provides fontification and cooperation with Hugs. Updated for emacs 20.* by Adam P. Jenkins.
latex-lhs-mode.el is built on top of haskell-mode (above) and provides simultaneous use of all of literate-haskell-mode and most of emacs' built-in latex-mode.
cabal-mode.el is a small (and developing) major mode for editing Cabal files.