Difference between revisions of "Euler problems/101 to 110"

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Line 44: Line 44:
 
 
 
fibo_2nk n k =
 
fibo_2nk n k =
let
+
let
fk = fibo k
 
 
fkm1 = fibo (k-1)
 
fkm1 = fibo (k-1)
 
fkm2 = fibo (k-2)
 
fkm2 = fibo (k-2)
 
fk = fkm1 + fkm2
  +
fnp1 = fibo (n+1)
 
fnp1sq = fnp1^2
 
fnp1sq = fnp1^2
fnp1 = fibo (n+1)
 
 
fn = fibo n
 
fn = fibo n
 
fnsq = fn^2
 
fnsq = fn^2
Line 90: Line 91:
   
 
The lesson I learned fom this challenge, is: know mathematical identities and exploit them. They allow you take short cuts.
 
The lesson I learned fom this challenge, is: know mathematical identities and exploit them. They allow you take short cuts.
Normally you compute all previous fibonacci numbers to compute a random fibonacci number. Which has linear costs. The aforementioned identity builds the number not from its two predecessors but from 5 much smaller ones. This makes the algorithm logarithmic in its complexity. It really shines if you want to compute a random very large fibonacci number. f.i. the 10mio.th fibonacci number which is over 2mio characters long, took 20sec to compute on my 2.2ghz laptop.
+
Normally you compute all previous fibonacci numbers to compute a random fibonacci number. Which has linear costs. The aforementioned identity builds the number not from its two predecessors but from 4 much smaller ones. This makes the algorithm logarithmic in its complexity. It really shines if you want to compute a random very large fibonacci number. f.i. the 10mio.th fibonacci number which is over 2mio characters long, took 20sec to compute on my 2.2ghz laptop.
 
== [http://projecteuler.net/index.php?section=view&id=105 Problem 105] ==
 
== [http://projecteuler.net/index.php?section=view&id=105 Problem 105] ==
 
Find the sum of the special sum sets in the file.
 
Find the sum of the special sum sets in the file.

Revision as of 17:19, 30 November 2007

Problem 101

Investigate the optimum polynomial function to model the first k terms of a given sequence.

Solution:

problem_101 = undefined

Problem 102

For how many triangles in the text file does the interior contain the origin?

Solution:

problem_102 = undefined

Problem 103

Investigating sets with a special subset sum property.

Solution:

problem_103 = undefined

Problem 104

Finding Fibonacci numbers for which the first and last nine digits are pandigital.

Solution:

Very nice problem. I didnt realize you could deal with the precision problem. Therefore I used this identity to speed up the fibonacci calculation: f_(2*n+k) = f_k*(f_(n+1))^2 + 2*f_(k-1)*f_(n+1)*f_n + f_(k-2)*(f_n)^2

import Data.List
import Data.Char
 
fibos = rec 0 1
    where
        rec a b = a:rec b (a+b)
 
fibo_2nk n k = 
    let        
        fkm1 = fibo (k-1)
        fkm2 = fibo (k-2)
        fk = fkm1 + fkm2
        fnp1 = fibo (n+1)
        fnp1sq = fnp1^2
        fn = fibo n
        fnsq = fn^2
    in
        fk*fnp1sq + 2*fkm1*fnp1*fn + fkm2*fnsq
 
fibo x = 
    let
        threshold = 30000
        n = div x 3
        k = n+mod x 3
    in
        if x < threshold 
        then fibos !! x
        else fibo_2nk n k
 
findCandidates = rec 0 1 0
    where
        m = 10^9
        rec a b n  =
            let
                continue = rec b (mod (a+b) m) (n+1)
                isBackPan a = (sort $ show a) == "123456789"
            in
                if isBackPan a 
                then n:continue
                else continue
search = 
    let
        isFrontPan x = (sort $ take 9 $ show x) == "123456789"
    in
        map fst
            $ take 1
            $ dropWhile (not.snd)            
            $ zip findCandidates
            $ map (isFrontPan.fibo) findCandidates
 
problem_104 = search

It took 8 sec on a 2.2Ghz machine.

The lesson I learned fom this challenge, is: know mathematical identities and exploit them. They allow you take short cuts. Normally you compute all previous fibonacci numbers to compute a random fibonacci number. Which has linear costs. The aforementioned identity builds the number not from its two predecessors but from 4 much smaller ones. This makes the algorithm logarithmic in its complexity. It really shines if you want to compute a random very large fibonacci number. f.i. the 10mio.th fibonacci number which is over 2mio characters long, took 20sec to compute on my 2.2ghz laptop.

Problem 105

Find the sum of the special sum sets in the file.

Solution:

problem_105 = undefined

Problem 106

Find the minimum number of comparisons needed to identify special sum sets.

Solution:

problem_106 = undefined

Problem 107

Determining the most efficient way to connect the network.

Solution:

problem_107 = undefined

Problem 108

Solving the Diophantine equation 1/x + 1/y = 1/n.

Solution:

problem_108 = undefined

Problem 109

How many distinct ways can a player checkout in the game of darts with a score of less than 100?

Solution:

problem_109 = undefined

Problem 110

Find an efficient algorithm to analyse the number of solutions of the equation 1/x + 1/y = 1/n.

Solution:

problem_110 = undefined