Difference between revisions of "Kind"

From HaskellWiki
Jump to: navigation, search
(add references)
m (monotypes, nullary types)
Line 1: Line 1:
 
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kind_%28type_theory%29 Wikipedia] says, "In type theory, a '''kind''' is the type of a type constructor or, less commonly, the type of a higher-order type operator. A kind system is essentially a simply typed lambda calculus 'one level up,' endowed with a primitive type, denoted * and called 'type', which is the kind of any (monomorphic) data type."
 
[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kind_%28type_theory%29 Wikipedia] says, "In type theory, a '''kind''' is the type of a type constructor or, less commonly, the type of a higher-order type operator. A kind system is essentially a simply typed lambda calculus 'one level up,' endowed with a primitive type, denoted * and called 'type', which is the kind of any (monomorphic) data type."
   
Ordinary types have kind <TT>*</TT>. Type constructors have kind <TT>P -> Q</TT>, where <TT>P</TT> and <TT>Q</TT> are kinds. For instance:
+
Ordinary types, also called ''monotypes'' or ''nullary'' types have kind <TT>*</TT>. Type constructors have kind <TT>P -> Q</TT>, where <TT>P</TT> and <TT>Q</TT> are kinds. For instance:
   
 
Int :: *
 
Int :: *

Revision as of 18:50, 28 September 2017

Wikipedia says, "In type theory, a kind is the type of a type constructor or, less commonly, the type of a higher-order type operator. A kind system is essentially a simply typed lambda calculus 'one level up,' endowed with a primitive type, denoted * and called 'type', which is the kind of any (monomorphic) data type."

Ordinary types, also called monotypes or nullary types have kind *. Type constructors have kind P -> Q, where P and Q are kinds. For instance:

Int :: *
Maybe :: * -> *
Maybe Bool :: *
a -> a :: *
[] :: * -> *
(->) :: * -> * -> *

In Haskell 98, * is the only inhabited kind, that is, all values have types of kind *. GHC introduces another inhabited kind, #, for unlifted types.

See also