# Difference between revisions of "Talk:99 questions/Solutions/31"

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(→And something as simple as this one...: new section) |
Sartorius2 (talk | contribs) (→Wilson's theorem) |
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== And something as simple as this one... == |
== And something as simple as this one... == |
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+ | <haskell> |
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isPrime :: Int -> Bool |
isPrime :: Int -> Bool |
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isPrime n = all (\x -> n `mod`x /= 0) [2..sqr] |
isPrime n = all (\x -> n `mod`x /= 0) [2..sqr] |
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where sqr = floor (sqrt (fromIntegral n :: Double)) |
where sqr = floor (sqrt (fromIntegral n :: Double)) |
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− | |||

+ | </haskell> |
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-- Assuming that a number is not a prime if he is divisible by any number between 2 and his sqrt |
-- Assuming that a number is not a prime if he is divisible by any number between 2 and his sqrt |
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+ | |||

+ | == Wilson's theorem == |
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+ | |||

+ | While the square root test is nice and quick, I do believe Wilson's theorem is much more mathematically elegant since it doesn't rely on the knowledge of other primes, even if it is rather slow because of the factorial |
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+ | <haskell> |
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+ | fact :: Integer -> Integer |
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+ | fact n |
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+ | | n == 0 = 1 |
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+ | | otherwise = n * fact (n - 1) |
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+ | |||

+ | wilsonTest :: Integer -> Bool |
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+ | wilsonTest p |
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+ | | f == (p - 1) = True |
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+ | | otherwise = False |
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+ | where f = fact (p - 1) `mod` p |
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+ | </haskell> |
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+ | "''p'' is prime iff the product of all positive integers less than ''p'' is one less than a multiple of ''p''" |

## Latest revision as of 09:15, 8 November 2019

Does something as simple but as dump as this should be on the wiki ?

```
isPrime :: Int -> Bool
isPrime n | n <= 1 = False
isPrime n = isPrime' 2 n
where isPrime' x n | x*x > n = True
| otherwise = (n `rem` x) /= 0 && isPrime' (x+1) n
```

## And something as simple as this one...

```
isPrime :: Int -> Bool
isPrime n = all (\x -> n `mod`x /= 0) [2..sqr]
where sqr = floor (sqrt (fromIntegral n :: Double))
```

-- Assuming that a number is not a prime if he is divisible by any number between 2 and his sqrt

## Wilson's theorem

While the square root test is nice and quick, I do believe Wilson's theorem is much more mathematically elegant since it doesn't rely on the knowledge of other primes, even if it is rather slow because of the factorial

```
fact :: Integer -> Integer
fact n
| n == 0 = 1
| otherwise = n * fact (n - 1)
wilsonTest :: Integer -> Bool
wilsonTest p
| f == (p - 1) = True
| otherwise = False
where f = fact (p - 1) `mod` p
```

"*p* is prime iff the product of all positive integers less than *p* is one less than a multiple of *p*"