# User:WillNess

From HaskellWiki

A perpetual Haskell newbie. I like *this one-liner*:

```
-- infinite folding idea due to Richard Bird
-- double staged production idea due to Melissa O'Neill
-- tree folding idea Dave Bayer / improved tree structure
-- Heinrich Apfelmus / simplified formulation Will Ness
primes = 2 : _Y ((3:) . gaps 5
. foldi (\(x:xs) -> (x:) . union xs) []
. map (\p-> [p*p, p*p+2*p..]))
_Y g = g (_Y g) -- multistage production
gaps k s@(c:t) -- == minus [k,k+2..] (c:t), k<=c,
| k < c = k : gaps (k+2) s -- fused for better performance
| otherwise = gaps (k+2) t -- k==c
```

`foldi`

is on Tree-like folds page. `union`

and more at Prime numbers.

The constructive definition of primes is the Sieve of Eratosthenes:

using standard definition

- . . . or, :) :) .

Trial division sieve is:

If you're put off by self-referentiality, just replace or on the right-hand side of equations with , but even ancient Greeks knew better.